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Carpet Cleaning 101


Whether you are a seasoned professional or new to carpet cleaning, understanding the terms and techniques for carpet cleaning is important. That’s why we are dedicating this blog to Carpet Cleaning 101. Keep reading to learn more.


Blooming occurs when carpet fibers untwist. Blooming occurs for several reasons, including improper heat setting or cleaning, maintenance techniques and general wear and tear.

Carpet Tiles

Carpet tiles are actually squares, unlike wall-to-wall. They are most often found in commercial settings. They are very durable, which makes them a good fit for commercial environments.

Carpet tiles can be solid in color, textured or patterned. They can be removed for individual spot cleaning and/or repairs.


Also known as “matting,” crushing occurs when fibers become bent and compressed. Eventually, all carpet will show signs of crushing. But it can be slowed by establishing a regular maintenance program, using firm padding below the carpet and frequently rearranging furniture to redirect traffic patterns.


Denier refers to the total amount of yarn per carpet area; carpets with more denier have a higher yarn count.

Face Weight

Similar to denier, face weight plays a role in carpet performance and durability. Face weight is defined as the total weight of fibers per square yard of carpet. When measuring face weight, backing is not included.


Fibers are the basic material of which carpet is made. Most carpet manufactured today is made of synthetic fibers (i.e. nylon, olefin, polyester). Other types of carpet are made from natural fibers, including wool, cotton, silk and bamboo.


As a result of high-traffic, wear and tear and improper cleaning methods, carpet fibers can fray. When fraying occurs, the carpet fibers become damaged, expand and change texture.


Padding is the layer of cushion that is installed between the carpet and floor board. Padding is essential in prolonging carpet life, appearance and quality.


Pile is the visible portion of carpet fibers. There are several different types and styles of piles, including cut pile and loop pile.

Pile Reversal

Pile reversal or shading occurs when high-traffic activity bends the carpet fibers in various directions. It is highly common in hallway coners and doorways and directly results in the creation of a discolored impression.


Resilience is a carpet’s ability to resist crushing/matting. Type of fiber, padding, backing and other characteristics qualify the amount of resilience a piece of carpeting has.


Rippling is the consequence of excessive heat and humidity. It causes wave-like or ruffled patterns that appear on wall-to-wall carpeting. Re-stretching carpet can resolve rippling.


The line where two pieces of carpet intersect is is the seam. Since most carpet is produced in 12-foot wide rolls, it’s nearly impossible to avoid seams.


Post-installation, new carpet has a tendency to shed fibers for several weeks. While shedding is more common in cut pile and wool carpets, it is still a minor issue for synthetic fiber carpets. Regular vacuuming is the best method for resolving a shedding issue.


When dirt particles and grime build up in carpet fibers, soiling occurs. Regular professional cleaning can prevent soiling from occurring.


Tufting is the first step in the carpet manufacturing process. It is the loop (cut or uncut) of pile.

These terms make up Carpet Cleaning 101. If you need help with any of these carpet concerns, check out our supplies and tools.